Maritime Prevention Program
The Coast Guard Maritime Prevention Program prevents personnel casualties and property losses, minimizes security risks, and protects the marine environment. The Coast Guard develops and enforces federal marine safety, security, and environmental regulations. It reviews and approves vessel and maritime facility security plans, conducts security and safety inspections, and enforces Transportation Worker Identification Credential regulations. The program conducts domestic and international port security assessments, analyzes maritime security risk nationwide to identify high risk targets and support risk reduction measures and also supports administration of port security grant funding. The program periodically reviews the effectiveness of anti-terrorism measures in foreign ports by conducting assessments of those ports to determine compliance with the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, and requires vessels arriving in the United States from ports with inadequate antiterrorism measures to take additional security precautions. The Coast Guard develops and applies design, construction and equipment standards for vessels; conducts compulsory, as well as voluntary vessel exams and inspections; certifies and licenses U.S. mariners; and promotes best practices by investigating marine casualties and sharing its findings. It provides grants to States to improve recreational boating safety, and supports a variety of government and nongovernment boating safety efforts in partnership with other federal agencies, state and local governments, marine industries and associations. The Coast Guard also maintains strong leadership roles in many international maritime organizations.